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French Subject Pronouns - Pronoms sujets

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Introduction to French Subject Pronouns
Lesson | Quiz

The subject of a verb is the person or thing which performs the action of that verb:

   Tom travaille.
   Tom is working.

   Mes parents habitent en Espagne.
   My parents live in Spain.

   La voiture ne veut pas démarrer.
   The car won't start.


Subject pronouns replace this person or thing:

   Il travaille.
   He is working.

   Ils habitent en Espagne.
   They live in Spain.

   Elle ne veut pas démarrer.
   It won't start.


When studying French, you must understand subject pronouns before you can begin learning how to conjugate verbs, because the forms of verbs change for each subject pronoun.

Click below for detailed information about how to use each French subject pronoun:

Singular
   1st person   je   I
   2nd person   tu   you
   3rd person   il   he, it    elle   she, it    on   one

Plural
   1st person   nous   we
   2nd person   vous   you
   3rd person   ils   they (m)    elles   they (f)
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