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French Future Tense

How to conjugate the French future tense

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The future is, in my opinion, one of the simplest French tenses. There is only one set of endings for all verbs, and most of them - even many which are irregular in the present tense - use their infinitive as the root. There are only about two dozen stem-changing or irregular verbs which have irregular future stems but take the same endings:*

acheter > achèter-   similar verbs: achever, amener, emmener, lever, promener

acquérir > acquerr-   similar verbs: conquérir, s'enquérir

appeler > appeller-   similar verbs: épeler, rappeler, renouveler

aller > ir-

avoir > aur-

courir > courr-   similar verbs: concourir, discourir, parcourir, more

devoir > devr-

envoyer > enverr-

essayer > essaier-   similar verbs: balayer, effrayer, payer

essuyer > essuier-   similar verbs: appuyer, ennuyer

être > ser-

faire > fer-

falloir > faudr-

jeter > jetter-   similar verbs: feuilleter, hoqueter, projeter, rejeter

nettoyer > nettoier-   similar verbs: employer, noyer, tutoyer, more

pleuvoir > pleuvr-

pouvoir > pourr-

savoir > saur-

tenir > tiendr-   similar verbs: maintenir, obtenir, soutenir, more

valoir > vaudr-

venir > viendr-   similar verbs: devenir, parvenir, revenir, more

voir > verr-   similar verb: revoir

vouloir > voudr-

*Notes:

   1. The future stem always ends in R.
   2. The exact same verbs are irregular in the conditional and use the same stems.

Test on the French future tense


French future conjugations

To conjugate an -ER or -IR verb in the future tense, add the appropriate endings to the infinitive. For -RE verbs, remove the final -e and then add the future endings. For irregular verbs, add the endings to the irregular future stem. For example, here are the future conjugations for the regular verbs parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell) and the irregular verb aller (to go):
 
PronounFuture endingparler > parler-finir > finir-vendre > vendr-aller > ir-
 je -aiparleraifiniraivendraiirai
 tu -asparlerasfinirasvendrasiras
 il -aparlerafiniravendraira
 nous -onsparleronsfinironsvendronsirons
 vous -ezparlerezfinirezvendrezirez
 ils -ontparlerontfinirontvendrontiront
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