1. Education

French Regular -ER Verbs

How to conjugate regular -ER verbs in French

By

There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER, -IR, -RE; stem-changing; and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority of French verbs are regular -ER verbs - see the next page for a list of some common -ER verbs.

The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb preceded by the word "to"), and -ER is the infinitive ending. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. To conjugate -ER verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in the table below.


French regular -ER verb conjugations

To conjugate an -ER verb in the present tense, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings. For example, here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -ER verbs parler (to speak), donner (to give), and visiter (to visit):
 
PronounEndingparler > parl-donner > donn-visiter > visit-   
 je -eparledonnevisite  
 tu -esparlesdonnesvisites  
 il -eparledonnevisite  
 nous -onsparlonsdonnonsvisitons  
 vous -ezparlezdonnezvisitez  
 ils -entparlentdonnentvisitent  
 
Regular -ER verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.
Related Video
French Dialogues: Directions
  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. French Language
  4. French Grammar
  5. Verbs
  6. Verb Conjugations
  7. French Regular -ER Verbs

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.