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Liaisons facultatives - Optional Liaisons

Optional liaisons are those which are pronounced in higher registers (levels of formality) and not in lower registers. See the "style" section of the liaison linguistics page for more information.

These rules are listed more or less in order from the most to least common. That is, even familiar speech will often make the first kind of liaison, while only in very high level French will the last kind of liaison be made.

Some of these sound files are fairly long and may take a while to download, since I pronounced the liaised phrase and then the non-liaised phrase in the same file.

I. After plural nouns
*This is only a guide to help you get the most out of the sound files - refer to a dictionary for the exact pronunciation.
   a father
ay hate
e bed
ee meet
eu full
uh the
u fool
(n) nasal n
zh mirage

** Note that if you don't make a liaison, the last pronounced
consonant is enchaîné as usual.

*~ Also see forbidden liaisons page.

**~ Also see required and forbidden liaison pages

*** Except when followed by a pronoun - see required liaisons

 Learn more...

  * Liaisons

  * Enchaînement

  * Grammar

  * Pronunciation

les hommes arrivent [uhm za reev]* or [uh ma reev]**
des livres utiles [liv reu zu teel] or [li vru teel]
II.  Between two-part verbal structures
Je suis allé [swee za lay] or [swee a lay]
Ils ont eu [o(n) tu] or [o(n) u]
Tu vas aller [va za lay] or [va a lay]
III.  Present tense of être + noun, adjective, or adverb
il est idiot [ee lay tee dyo] or [ee lay i dyo]
il est heureux [ee lay teu reu] or [ee lay eu reu]
il est ici [ee lay tee see] or [ee lay ee see]
IV.  After multi-syllable adverbs and prepositions
assez utile [a say zu teel] or [a say u teel]
tellement avare [tel ma(n) ta var] or [tel ma(n) a var]
après être venu [a pre zetr] or [a pre etr]
depuis un an [deu pwee zu(n)] or [de pwee u(n)]
V. Some conjunctions**~
mais enfin [me za(n) fe(n)] or [me a(n) fe(n)]
puis on est arrivé [pwee zo(n)] or [pwee o(n)]
VI.  After verbs*** (very high register)
Ils arriveront à midi [a ree vro(n) ta] or [a ree vro(n) a]
Elle prend un livre [pra(n) tu(n)] or [pra(n) u(n)]


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