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Passé simple

French simple past - Preterite

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The passé simple of regular verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and adding the passé simple endings.

Notes:

1. -ER verbs take the first set of endings, -IR and -RE take the second.

2. Spelling change verbs, like manger and lancer, have their spelling change in most forms of the passé simple.

3. The irregular verbs at the bottom have irregular stems in the passé simple but take the same endings as regular -IR/-RE verbs. For other irregular verbs, see page 3.

ER endings parler > parl-  manger > mang-  lancer > lanc-
je-ai parlaimangeailançai
tu-asparlasmangeaslanças
il-aparlamangealança
nous -âmesparlâmesmangeâmeslançâmes
vous-âtesparlâtesmangeâteslançâtes
ils-èrentparlèrentmangèrentlancèrent
 
IR/RE endingsfinir > fin-rendre > rend-voir > v-
je-isfinisrendisvis
tu-isfinisrendisvis
il-itfinitrenditvit
nous -îmesfinîmesrendîmesvîmes
vous-îtesfinîtesrendîtesvîtes
ils-irentfinirentrendirentvirent
 
Irregular verbs
s'asseoirs'ass-mettrem-
conduire  conduis-  naîtrenaqu-
dired-peindrepeign-
écrireécriv-prendrepr-
fairef-rirer-
joindrejoign-voirv-
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