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Avoir, Être, Faire

Essential French verbs


The French verbs avoir (to have), être (to be), and faire (to do/make) are the most important French verbs. They are used in some of the ways that we use them in English as well as in many expressions. Conjugations for all three of these verbs are irregular:

Avoir - to have Être - to be Faire - to do, make
  J'ai un livre.
I have a book.
Je suis à Paris.
I am in Paris.
Je fais mon lit.
I'm making my bed.
  Nous avons une voiture.
We have a car.
Nous sommes très contents. 
We are very happy.
Nous faisons tout ensemble.
We do everything together.
tu as es fais
il a est fait
nous avons sommes faisons
vous avez êtes faites
ils ont sont font
Conjugations in all tenses Conjugations in all tenses Conjugations in all tenses
Using avoir Using être Using faire
Expressions with avoir Expressions with être Expressions with faire
Note:  Even though être is the French equivalent of "to be," there are certain expressions in which you have to use avoir or faire to translate "to be." After you've looked over the list of expressions for each of these verbs, see how well you do with this test: To Be - Être, Avoir, or Faire

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