is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular in conjugation and literally means "to have." In addition, it is used in numerous idiomatic expressions and as an auxiliary verb.
means "to have" in most senses, including having in one's possession and currently experiencing.
J'ai deux stylos
I have two pens
J'ai trois frères
I have three brothers
J'ai mal à la tête
I have a headache
J'ai une idée
I have an idea
J'ai été eu
I've been had (tricked)
Note: Avoir à
can mean "to have to," but that expression is more commonly translated by devoir
Expressions with Avoir
is used in a number of idiomatic expressions
, many of which are translated by the English verb "to be":
J'ai 30 ans
I am 30 years old
I am thirsty
I am cold
Il y a...
is the auxiliary for most French verbs in the compound tenses (exceptions
J'ai déjà étudié
I have already studied.
J'aurai mangé avant ton arrivée
I will have eaten before you arrive
Si j'avais su, je t'aurais téléphoné
If I had known, I would have called you
Most common French verbs