- le masculine singular
- la feminine singular
- l' m or f in front of a vowel or h muet
- les m or f plural
- If the noun is plural, use les
- If it's a singular noun starting with a vowel or h muet, use l'
- If it's singular and starts with a consonant or h aspiré, use le for a masculine noun and la for a feminine noun
Meaning and usage of the French definite article
The definite article indicates a specific noun.
Je vais à la banque.
I'm going to the bank.
Voici le livre que j'ai lu.
Here is the book I read.
The definite article is also used in French to indicate the general sense of a noun. This can be confusing, as definite articles are not used in this way in English.
J'aime la glace.
I like ice cream.
C'est la vie !
More uses of the definite article
Definite article contractions
The definite article changes when preceded by the preposition à or de - the preposition and article contract into a single word: learn more
Introduction to French articles
French definite articles
French indefinite articles
French partitive articles
Choosing a French article
Quiz on French articles