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French Possessive Adjectives - Adjectifs possessifs

Introduction to French possessive adjectives


Possessive adjectives are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. French possessive adjectives are used similarly to English possessive adjectives, but there are some differences in form.

1) French has many more possessives than English, because there are different forms not only for grammatical person and number, but sometimes also the gender and the first letter of the thing possessed. All of the different forms are summarized in the table at the bottom of the page and are explained in detail in the other pages of this lesson.

2) When describing two or more nouns in French, a possessive adjective must be used in front of each one:

   son frère et sa sœur
   his brother and sister

   ma tante et mon oncle
   my aunt and uncle

3) The possessive adjective is almost never used with body parts in French. You can't say "my hand" or "my hair." Instead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts:

   Je me suis cassé la jambe
   I broke my leg (literally, I broke the leg of myself).

   Il se lave les cheveux
   He's washing his hair (literally, He's washing the hair of himself).

Click the links below for detailed information about French possessive adjectives.

 Singular   Plural
EnglishMasculine Feminine Before vowel   
my monma mon   mes
your (tu form) tonta ton   tes
his, her, its sonsa son   ses
our notre notre notre   nos
your (vous form)  votre votre votre   vos
their leur leur leur   leurs

Test on French possessive adjectives

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