E Muet - French Dropped E - Elision
As discussed in the rhythm lesson, there are no stressed syllables in French. However, the unaccented E is sometimes "unstressed"; that is, it sometimes* disappears in spoken French. This disappearance is called elision (élision or amuïssement in French), and the verb is to elide (élider or amuïr). This potential dropped E may be called any of the following in French:
The phonetic symbol for the E muet is the schwa .
When the E muet is pronounced, it sounds more or less like the u in full - listen. The E
muet is virtually always** spelled E - with no accent. However, the unaccented E is not always an E
some unaccented E's are pronounced (the É sound) or
(the È sound).
|I.||Where does the letter E represent an E muet?|
|A.||In the nine single syllable words with one consonant||ce, de,
le, me, ne,
que, se, te
|See exception below (IIC)|
|B.||At the end of a word, possibly followed by other silent letters|| homme
|C.||In the non-final syllable of a word, after a consonant sound and before one of the following:|
|1.||single consonant sound|| devoirs
|2.||consonant + liquid consonant°|| chevronné
|1.||The re- prefix in front of ss||ressortir
|2.||These three words||dessous
|II.||Where does the letter E not represent an E muet?|
|A.||In front of a double consonant
(Exceptions: see D, above)
|B.||In front of two different non-liquid consonants|| restaurant
|C.||At the end of a sentence after an affirmative command||dis-le
|III.||When is the E muet dropped and when is it pronounced?|
|There are specific rules governing the pronunciation of E muets: they may be required, forbidden, or
optional. Go on to page 2.
|Pronunciation >||Silent Letters > E Muet - Introduction > When to pronounce|
|>||Letters > Vowels > E > E Muet|
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