1. Education

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Les Années scolaires

If you have additional information about the school systems in these or any other francophone countries, please feel free to add it to our discussion on the forum and I will incorporate it into this page.

AGE France Québec
système francophone
United States
0-1 Preschool - as young as 6 months
1-2 Preschool
2-3 Preschool
3-4 1st year of École maternelle Preschool
4-5 École maternelle Preschool Preschool
5-6 École maternelle Kindergarten Kindergarten
6-7 Cours Préparatoire (CP), 11th grade École primaire (elementary school) 1st grade in primaire (elementary school) 1st grade (grade or elementary school)
7-8 Cours Elémentaire 1 (CE1), 10th grade  2nd grade 2nd grade
8-9 CE2, 9th grade  3rd grade 3rd grade
9-10 Cours Moyen 1 (CM1), 8th grade  4th grade 4th grade
10-11 CM2, 7th grade  5th grade 5th grade
11-12 6th grade Collège (Junior high school) 6th grade
(There used to be a 7th grade, but it no longer exists)
6th grade
12-13 5th grade Collège 8th grade or secondaire 1 7th grade
13-14 4th grade Collège 9th grade or secondaire 2 8th grade
14-15 3rd grade Collège -> Brevet des Collèges (exam) 10th grade or secondaire 3 9th grade - high school: freshman year
15-16 2nd grade Lycée (High school) 11th grade or secondaire 4 10th grade - sophomore
16-17 1st grade Lycée -> Bac(calauréat) de français (exam) 12th grade or secondaire 5 11th grade - junior
17-18 Terminale Lycée -> Bac(calauréat) (exam) 2 or 3 years of CEGEP 12th grade - senior
18-19 Université Université College
Misc. After the bac, people can go to university or learn a trade.

To become a professor or engineer, students people go to the much harder preparatory classes before the High Schools (Classes Préparatoires aux Grandes Ecoles or prépa).

The most famous high schools are the École Polytechnique (for engineers) and the Écoles Normales Supérieures (for professors and researchers). There are exams at the end of the prépa: the best go to the best schools.

The baccalauréat in Québec is the diploma that marks the end of university studies (3 or 4 years)

The maîtrise is a second cycle diploma

The doctorat is a third cycle diploma

CEGEP (Collège d'enseignement Général et Professionnel)
secteur général = préparatoire à l'université secteur professionnel = préparatoire au marché du travail (techniques administratives, policières, santé animale, etc.)

Preschool, nursery school, and pre-kindergarten are synonymous

Elementary school - three possibilities:
1)kindergarten or first-eighth grade + high school
2)kindergarten or first-sixth grade + junior high
3)kindergarten or first-fifth grade + middle school

Primary grades - grades 1-3 (sometimes includes K)

Upper elementary grades - grades 4-6 (or 4-8, see above)

Middle school - grades 6-8

Junior high school - grades 7-8 or 9

Three-year high school (sophomore-senior) follows a junior high school

Four-year high school (freshman-senior) follows a middle school or a K-8 elementary school

Education links

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