French is a Romance language, although that's not why it's called the language of love. In linguistic terms, "Romance" and "romantic" have nothing to do with love; they come from the word Roman and simply mean "from Latin."
The complete language family classification of French is as follows:
- Indo-European --> Italic --> Romance
Indo-European is the largest language family in the world. It comprises most of the languages of Europe, the Americas, and Asia, including such varied languages as Latin, Greek, Russian, Persian, and Sanskrit.
Italic essentially refers to Latin.
Romance languages originally evolved in Western Europe, but colonialism help to spread some of them all over the world. Where is French spoken?